KNOPPIX 6.7.1 / ADRIANE 1.4 - Live CD / DVDKnopper.Net Consulting

KNOPPIX 6.7.1 / ADRIANE 1.4 - Live CD / DVD

General information about Microknoppix

"Microknoppix" is a complete rewrite of the KNOPPIX boot system from version 6.0 and up, with the following features: [Picture of LXDE destop with compiz]

  1. High compatibility with its Debian base: Aside from configuration files, nothing gets changed in Debians standard installation.
  2. Accellerated boot procedure: Independently from the usual SysV bootscripts, multiple tasks of system initialization are run in parallel, so that interactive desktops are reached very fast.
  3. LXDE is used as graphical environment, which is a very slim and fast desktop with extremely short starttime and low resource requirements. Because of its GTK2 base, LXDE works together nicely with screenreader Orca.
  4. Amount of installed software has been greatly reduced in the CD-version, so that custom remasters based on CD are possible again. On the DVD edition, KDE4 and Gnome with many applications originating from these popular desktops are available.
  5. Network configuration is being handled by NetworkManager with nm-applet in graphics mode, and textual GUIs in textmode (compatible to Debians /etc/network/interfaces specification).
  6. A persistent image for saving personal settings and additionally installed programs, KNOPPIX/knoppix-data.img, is supported on the boot device, optionally encrypted with AES/256bit. In general, installation as live system on flash disk is recommended.

New about the 6.7.1 version

[knoppix bootscreen][knoppix booting][knoppix desktop]

  • Version 6.7.1 has been updated from Debian/squeeze with the usual picks from Debian "testing" and "unstable", and uses Kernel 3.0.4 and xorg 7.6 (core 1.11) for supporting currentmost computer hardware.
    -> software list CD...
    -> software list DVD...
  • experimental free Nouveau graphics modules supporting NVidia cards, accelerated graphics via kernel mode settings (KMS),
  • OpenOffice -> LibreOffice 3.4.3,
  • Chromium 13.0.782.220 Web Browser (DVD only),
  • Firefox 6.0.2 Web Browser (CD+DVD),
  • Optional 64-bit Kernel via boot option "knoppix64", supporting systems with more than 4GB of RAM and chroot to 64-bit installations for system rescue tasks (DVD version only).
  • New boot option (example) "bootfrom=/dev/sda1/knoppix-test.iso", for mounting the Knoppix compressed file system from a stored iso file directly.
  • Boot option "grub", for starting a bootloader shell in system rescue tasks.
  • ADRIANE: Updated to version 1.4 of the non-visual desktop framework, now using cuneiform as engine for text recognition of scanned texts, enhanced support for several cellphone models via gammu (SMS function).
  • (new in DVD version) eViacam, a program for controlling the mouse by moving your head, using the webcam.
  • Workaround: Modified boot process for starting in Virtualbox without delay.
  • Bugfixes: Repaired "Install additional software" menu (flash, Fonts etc.), Virtualbox Kernel module, braille devices in orca, keyboard navigation in ADRIANE.


[Penguin with sunglasses]

A.D.R.I.A.N.E. (Audio Desktop Reference Implementation And Networking Environment) is a talking menu system, which is supposed to make work and internet access easier for computer beginners, even if they have no sight contact to the computers monitor. A graphical environment with also talking programs and arbitrary magnification using compiz-fusion, is another option.

CD / DVD / USB Versions - which files do I need?

The current public beta release of KNOPPIX 6.7.1 CD and DVD is available in different variants for download at the Knoppix-Mirrors.

file namecontent
KNOPPIX_versionCD-date-DE.isoKNOPPIX, CD-Version, default language german, ISOfile format
KNOPPIX_versionDVD-date-DE.isoKNOPPIX, DVD-Version, default language german, ISOfile format
KNOPPIX_versionCD-date-EN.isoKNOPPIX, CD-Version, default language english, ISOfile format
KNOPPIX_versionDVD-date-EN.isoKNOPPIX, DVD-Version, default language english, ISOfile format
ADRIANE-KNOPPIX_versionCD-Datum-DE.isoKNOPPIX, CD-Version with automatic start of ADRIANE, default language german, ISOfile format
ADRIANE-KNOPPIX_versionCD-date-EN.isoKNOPPIX, CD-Version with automatic start of ADRIANE, default language english, ISOfile format
KNOPPIX_versionbootonly-date-DE.isoKNOPPIX Kernel-Only CD, to be used together with a USB flash drive already flashed with Knoppix on computers that cannot boot directly from USB, default language german, ISOfile format
KNOPPIX_versionbootonly-date-EN.isoKNOPPIX Kernel-Only CD, to be used together with a USB flash drive already flashed with Knoppix on computers that cannot boot directly from USB, default language english, ISOfile format
*.iso.md5checksum file (MD5) for md5sum for checking CD-image after download
*.iso.sha1checksum file (SHA1) for sha1sum for checking CD-image after download
*.iso.*.ascDigital signature for verifying authenticity of checksum files and images after download

For burning a CD or DVD, only one single .iso file matching your language and version choice, is sufficient.

Additionally, several independent vendors offer readily burned and verified CDs, DVDs and USB-memorysticks saent out via postal service.

Since there are so many different media capacities, there is no readymade image for booting off memorystick available for download. But it is easy to create a bootable USB-stick or flashcard from a running Knoppix system, as described in the next section.

Booting from Flash

[Picture of a SD-flashdisk]

In order to create a bootable USB-medium (memory flashdisk, SD-card, digital camera with USB connector, cellphone with microSD, ...), the program flash-knoppix can be started from a running Knoppix system. This program installs all needed Knoppix files onto the FAT-formatted flashdisk, and creates a boot record for it. Other files on the medium stay intact, since no repartitioning or formatting is done by flash-knoppix.

After having copied the system to flash, using the persistent Knoppix image (overlay feature), it is possible to also store files permanently in live mode. That way, personal settings and additionally installed programs survive a reboot.

Boot options and controls

Overview of the most important functions. A complete description and listing of shortcuts can be found in the configurations of sbl, orca and compiz-fusion.

Boot options (can be entered in the startup screen)

adriane     Start ADRIANE with talking text desktop

knoppix     Start KNOPPIX with graphical environment

knoppix64   Same as above, with 64-bit kernel (DVD version only)

knoppix/adriane acpi=off noapic nolapic pci=bios ...
            problem solvers, if computer doesn't start

knoppix testcd  Check CD for errors

knoppix tohd=/dev/hda1    Copy CD content to harddisk
            (hda1 or sda1, 1st partition on 1st IDE/SATA harddisk)
	    and start from there (free CD-rom drive)

knoppix toram             Load CD content to memory and start
            from there (free CD-rom drive)

ADRIANE navigation in text mode

CapsLock + space              read current line
CapsLock + arrow up           read previous line
CapsLock + arrow down         read next line
CapsLock + pageup             read from beginning of page to current position
CapsLock + pagedown           read from here to end of page
CapsLock + arrow left/right   spell charwise

Navigation with compiz and orca in graphics mode

Super + mouse wheel                 Set/scale magnification
Super + l                           Lock or release magnification area
Super + m                           small mouse lens
mouse to upper right corner         window overview
CapsLock + space                    start orca preferences

Super = penguin- or "window"-key left


Boot options like "adriane" can easily be preset by changing syslinux.cfg after having copied the CD to a bootable memorystick using "flash-knoppix":

Change the upper line

DEFAULT knoppix


DEFAULT adriane

for automatically starting ADRIANE on boot. This is already default in all ADRIANE iso files.


KNOPPIX 6.7.1 / ADRIANE 1.4 beta is available for download from the usual KNOPPIX mirror sites.

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