The Final Knoppix 7.0 Release - version 7.0.5
Preliminary support for newer Atheros network cards not present yet in the official kernel (models 1969:1091 - AR8161 Gigabit Ethernet, 1969:1090 - AR8162 Fast Ethernet, 1969:10A1 - AR8171 Gigabit Ethernet, 1969:10A0 - AR8172 Fast Ethernet).
Bugfix: When starting from CD or DVD, autoeject on shutdown works again.
- Version 7.0.5 of Knoppix is based on the usual picks from Debian stable (squeeze) and newer Desktop packages from Debian/testing and Debian/unstable (wheezy). It uses kernel 3.6.11 and xorg 7.7 (core 1.12.4) for supporting current computer hardware.
- Optional 64-bit Kernel via boot option "knoppix64", supporting systems with more than 4GB of RAM and chroot to 64-bit installations for system rescue tasks (DVD version only).
- LibreOffice 3.5.4 (not 3.6.4!),
- Gimp 2.8,
- Chromium 22.0.1229.94 and Firefox/Iceweasel 10.0.11 Web Browser,
- LXDE (Default) with filemanager PCMANFM 1.0, KDE 4.8 (boot option
knoppix desktop=kde, DVD version only), GNOME 3.4 (boot option
knoppix desktop=gnome, DVD version only).
- Wine version 1.5 for integration of Windows (TM) based programs.
- EBook Speaker, an accessible ebook reader.
- Virtualbox version 4.1.18 (DVD version only) and qemu-kvm 1.1.2 for (para-)virtualization.
- Kernel contains (as an exception) two patches against the official kernel.org Kernel:
- A bugfix for the zram "RAM compression" stability, introduced in earlier versions, because since Kernel 3.6.5 there were massive problems in memory access of the zram driver (see https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=50081). zram is especially useful for older computers with low ram: Up to 75% of main memory will be compressed if running out of ram. This way, it is possible to start large programs without needing a swap area on disk. With this feature, the system can use up to twice as much "virtual" ram (for averagely compressible data).
- A second version of the Knoppix-To-Flash installer now allows to use Linux partitions as overlay for saving personal data, which eliminates the former restriction to an overlay file of less than 4GB on FAT32. In order to use this, the installer allows to optionally repartition the USB flash or hard disk.
- New GUI for comfortably mounting Samba or Windows(TM) shares.
USBMissileLauncherUtils, a utility for controlling various "USB Rocket Launcher" toys.
-> complete software list DVD (over 3000 software packages, total of 9GB uncompressed size, cloop-compressed to 4GB).
About Knoppix 7.0
Most of the work for 7.0 has gone into some internal changes that are almost invisible:
- The standard character set has been moved to UTF8 for (almost) all languages, for supporting multilingual parts, umlauts and special characters in texs and applications. Some GTK programs had problems with the language-specific ISO character set and even refused to start, which should be fixed by the switch to UTF8, which almost all Linux distributions recommend. Because of the change, many of Knoppix scripts had to be changed and in many cases, Xdialog was replaced by zenity.
- The Knoppix-specific boot system was changed in order to first detect and initialize hardware needed for starting the interactive user interface, delaying other initialization tasks. Because of this, the system "feels" like starting mich quicker, and the desktop is reached earlier, especially when starting from flash disk, yet other services like printer and network are just started a little later.
A.D.R.I.A.N.E. (Audio Desktop Reference Implementation And Networking Environment) is a talking menu system, which is supposed to make work and internet access easier for computer beginners, even if they have no sight contact to the computers monitor. A graphical environment with also talking programs and arbitrary magnification using compiz-fusion, is another option.
Booting from Flash
In order to create a bootable USB-medium (memory flashdisk, SD-card, digital camera with USB connector, cellphone with microSD, ...), the program flash-knoppix can be started from a running Knoppix system. This program installs all needed Knoppix files onto the FAT-formatted flashdisk, and creates a boot record for it. If desired, the target medium can be partitioned and fornatted, or left in its inistal state, so that existing files stay intact.
After having copied the system to flash, using the persistent Knoppix image (overlay feature), it is possible to also store files permanently in live mode. That way, personal settings and additionally installed programs survive a reboot.
Boot options and controls
Overview of the most important functions. A complete description and listing of shortcuts can be found in the configurations of sbl, orca and compiz-fusion.
|Boot options (can be entered in the startup screen)|
adriane Start ADRIANE with talking text desktop
knoppix Start KNOPPIX with graphical environment
knoppix64 Same as above, with 64-bit kernel (DVD version only)
knoppix/adriane acpi=off noapic nolapic pci=bios ...
problem solvers, if computer doesn't start
knoppix testcd Check CD for errors
knoppix tohd=/dev/hda1 Copy CD content to harddisk
(hda1 or sda1, 1st partition on 1st IDE/SATA harddisk)
and start from there (free CD-rom drive)
knoppix toram Load CD content to memory and start
from there (free CD-rom drive)
|ADRIANE navigation in text mode|
CapsLock + space read current line
CapsLock + arrow up read previous line
CapsLock + arrow down read next line
CapsLock + pageup read from beginning of page to current position
CapsLock + pagedown read from here to end of page
CapsLock + arrow left/right spell charwise
|Navigation with compiz and orca in graphics mode|
Super + mouse wheel Set/scale magnification
Super + l Lock or release magnification area
Super + m small mouse lens
mouse to upper right corner window overview
CapsLock + space start orca preferences
Super = penguin- or "window"-key left
Boot options like "adriane" can easily be preset by changing syslinux.cfg after having copied the CD to a bootable memorystick using "flash-knoppix":
Change the upper line
for automatically starting ADRIANE on boot. This is already default in all ADRIANE iso files.
KNOPPIX 7.0.5 / ADRIANE 1.4 beta is available for download from the usual KNOPPIX mirror sites and via Bittorrent.
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